Border Peace And Tranquility Agreement (India And China)

Signed in New Delhi on January 17, 2012, available in the Chinese MFA contract base in English, Chinese and Hindi. The English text of the agreement is also contained in the Indian MEA database on Indian contracts. Both sides agreed to establish the WMCC to address important border issues related to peacekeeping and calm in the border regions of India and China. (Article 1) The WMCC will be led by an Indian MEA official at the joint secretaries level and an official at the executive level of the Chinese AMF and will be composed of diplomatic and military officials from both sides. (Article 2) The term “LAC” was legally recognized in the Salino-Indian agreements signed in 1993 and 1996. The 1996 agreement states that “no activity by both parties shall cross the line of effective control.” [8] However, Clause 6 of the 1993 Agreement on Peacekeeping and Calm along the effective line of control in Indian border areas states that “both parties agree that references to the effective line of control of this agreement do not affect their respective positions on the issue of borders.” [9] On 24 October 1962, after the first advance of the Chinese armed forces in the Sino-Indian war, Chinese Prime Minister Zhou En-lai wrote to the heads of state of ten Afro-Asian nations to outline his peace proposals, which the idea was that both sides would not cross the “line of effective control”. [15] This letter was accompanied by a number of cards which in turn identified the “effective line of control from November 7, 1959.” Fisher called it the “effective line of control from November 7, 1959,” as it was published in November 1962. [14] [16] Scholar Stephen Hoffmann explains that the line does not represent the position of the Chinese of November 7, 1959, but the achievements of the Chinese army before and after the massive attack of October 20, 1962. In some cases, it has gone beyond the territory reached by the Chinese army. [17] Although the exact details of the collision of 15 Some experts have drawn attention to a number of factors, including both parties citing violations of existing agreements, rearmament and development of infrastructure and roads near the LAC, and the revocation of the autonomous status of Jammu-Kachmir by the Indian government, which led to the creation of the Lakhda Union Empire , as a contribution to the current impasse.

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