The Social Security Agreement between the United States and Mexico was signed on June 29, 2004. The agreement must be submitted to the U.S. Congress and the Mexican Senate for consideration, so the agreement is not currently in effect (December 2014). There are many nations around the world – Singapore and South Africa, for example – that do not participate in totalization agreements with other countries. The explanation for this point varies from country to country. The lack of agreement is usually due to one of the many possible reasons: Chile, Japan and South Korea only cover the social contribution obligation and do not have benefits. These are called Double Contribution Conventions. If you live abroad, you are still entitled to your state pension. However, whether or not you are entitled to annual increases in government pension rates depends on where you live in the world. If you live in an EEA country or in one of the countries listed in the above agreement, you are entitled to the increases. However, if you live outside these countries, you will not. According to the U.S.
Social Security Administration, the goal of all U.S. totalization agreements is to eliminate dual social security and taxation, while maintaining coverage for as many workers as possible in the system of the country where they probably have the most ties, both at work and after retirement. Any agreement aims to achieve this objective through a series of objective rules. When several states are involved, the EC`s social security provisions determine the country to pay the benefits and the applicable national legislation. The basic principles are simple: although the social security agreements differ according to the conditions agreed between the two signatories, their intention is similar. The main objective of such an agreement is to abolish the double social security contributions that apply when a worker from one country works in another country and has to pay social security contributions for the two countries with the same incomes. The agreements cover a period of two to five years depending on the host country and require at least one valid contribution in Canada to allow a person to receive benefits in Canada. While social security obligations may be one of the main contributions employers will pay when they decide to send a worker to an international mission, social security can also be one of the most neglected aspects of the compensation package.