In February 2020, Refugees International and Human Rights Watch examined the effects of the ACA in Guatemala and examined the vulnerabilities and support of takers in Guatemala, as well as their access to the Guatemalan asylum system and their ability to protect those in need. “It is clear that the government is not providing enough information to asylum seekers to make a decision, especially during the three minutes given to them,” she said. “Instead, they are expelled from the country.” Guatemala`s immigration law stipulates that migrants should not be discriminated against on the basis of sex or sexual orientation, but should not include explicit protection based on gender identity.  Guatemalan law has no non-discrimination provision to protect people from violence based on gender identity and sexual orientation in access to employment, housing, health care and public or private services.  According to Carlos Valdez, director of Lambda, LGBT asylum seekers are often discriminated against in Guatemala.  In 2019 and 2020, Human Rights Watch found that LGBT people in Guatemala, some of whom had fled the country as a result of violence, had suffered domestic violence, gang violence because of both their sexual orientation and gender identity, and increased vulnerability to violence by the public and police.  From November 2019 to 16 March 2020, only 20 of the 939 persons transferred to Guatemala under the ACA had applied for asylum, although many had legitimate fears of persecution in their home countries. as noted in interviews with UNHCR`s local partners above, the fact that nearly three times as many formal asylum seekers first demonstrated an interest in seeking asylum in the Guatemalan Air Force and in interviews with Human Rights Watch and Refugees International.   Refugees International Interviews of Refugio de la Niéez, office of the Ombudsman for Human Rights, and Casa del Migrante, from 5 to 7 February 2020. See also Kevin Sieff, “The US is Putting Asylum Seekers on Planes to Guatemala – Often Without Telling Them Where They`re Going,” January 14, 2020, www.washingtonpost.com/world/the_americas/the-u s-is-putting-asylum-seekers-on-planes-to-guatemala–often-without-telling-them-where-theyre-going/2020/01/13/0f89a93a-3576-11ea-a1ff-c48c1d59a4a1_story.html.
Human rights organizations deliver a petition of more than 2000 signatures against the Asylum Cooperation Agreements (ACA)  Refugees International Interview of Yana E., Casa del Migrante, Guatemala City, 7 February 2020. Another Honduran woman said she was told she had to make the same choice: Human Rights Watch Interview of “Celia D.,” Casa del Migrante, Guatemala City, February 18, 2020.  Human Rights Watch interview with Carlos Valdez, director of Lambda, Lambda, Guatemala, February 13, 2020. A rule published on November 18 establishes a new screening procedure to determine whether the United States or Guatemala will process applications for protection of migrants. It applies to both immigrants who show up at U.S. ports of entry at the southern border and those who attempt to enter the country without authorization between ports. In June, the government threatened to impose tariffs on all Mexican products if Mexico did not help limit the number of migrants arriving at the southern U.S. border. But in the face of obvious border arrests, Mexico appears to have fulfilled Trump`s wishes and may not feel compelled to take the extra step toward signing a safe third-country agreement.