In addition, the Coast Guard is accused of using its own personnel to carry out adequate monitoring to verify compliance with the agreement. Fuel testing is carried out as part of a specific agreement signed by the Coast Guard, the Port Authority and the Customs Office. April 22: “Blue Flag of Venice” has been renewed today! The voluntary agreement was jointly signed by venice Port Authority, Venice Harbour Master, Venice Municipality and Cruise Companies. The signing of this agreement, renewed every year since 2007, confirms Venice as the greenest port in the Mediterranean. This voluntary agreement was renewed in subsequent years, reducing the maximum sulphur content to 2.0% and 1.5% for the 2008/2009 season. The introduction of this increasingly restrictive limit on the sulphur content of fuels used by ships has reduced sulphur emissions in the port. In particular, the agreement (which remains in force until 31 December) focuses on three main aspects: 1) fuel quality: sulphur levels at sea must remain below 0.1%; 2) machines working on board ships must reduce harmful gas emissions; 3) Monitoring activities: All shipping companies have agreed to regularly communicate to the Authorities of Venice compliance with the checks carried out by the port captains of Venice in order to publish the associated documents on public websites. This agreement is one of the “green” initiatives promoted by the Port of Venice, which is recognised for its innovative policy at European level and which the Green Port Conference will take place next October. In addition, the Port of Venice is taking strong measures to promote the use of natural gas in maritime and road transport. Since then, the VPA has partnered with the National Research Council (NRC) to understand the impact of the Venice Blue Flag rule on ship emissions since its inception. Over the years, studies have shown a 32% reduction in sulphur emissions between 2007 and 2009 after the implementation of the agreement. In 2013, a new voluntary agreement (Venice Blue Flag II) was introduced to encourage cruise ships to use fuel with a sulphur content of 0.1% in the Lido-Inlet. On 3 April, the ports of Venice, Chioggia, the Port Authority of Venice signed an agreement with 38 companies that establishes a set of rules to mitigate the impact of port activities.
Since 2007, the VPA has adopted a proactive strategy to improve air quality, including both compliance with existing rules and voluntary recommendations to reduce air emissions. At that time, the local port authority and the VPA signed the first “Venice Blue Flag”, with cruise lines and the municipality, a voluntary agreement on the use of low sulphur fuels and engine rules during the mooring period in the port of Venice.